Spring Flowers
© R.Irvine2011
founded February 1950
Cookstown Wildlife Trust
Coltsfoot Blackthorn Lesser Celandine
Coltsfoot (hoof shaped leaves), one of the earliest spring flowers to bloom-juice from leaves was used as a cough cure.
There are +100 insect species associated with Blackthorn or Sloe. White flowers appear in late March and tannin filled astringent drupes appear in September.
Marsh-Marigold is visited by many insects for pollen and nectar. Another name is king-cup - Old English (cop-button)
Lesser Celandine carpets woodlands with a splash of gold in early spring. Much loved by Wordsworth who devoted a poem to the plant.
Wood Anemone Primroses
Wood Anemone flowers only open properly in sunlight, they have a foxey smell and poisonous roots.
Primroses are less common than formerly. They produce male and female flowers. If insects are scarce pollination may not occur.
Toothwort is the 'ghost' of spring flowers. A parasite which grows near hazel roots.The creamy white flower spikes appear without leaves.
Early Dog Violet
Early Dog Violet is more common in Cookstown area than others-due to Carboniferous limestone outcrops.
Common Dog Violet Pink Campion
Common Dog Violet is usually found on dry sunny banks and often with primroses. the plant is altogether more compact than Early Dog Violet
Pink Campion with attractive vibrant pink flowers is found occasionallyin dry hedgerows and scrubby areas from mid May until early June
The Bluebell is an iconic species-limited to the Atlantic edges of N.W.Europe, especially British Isles. Presently under threat from Spanish Bluebell.
Flag Iris
Flag Iris with sword like leaves, grows in damp ditches and pond margins. The strongly yellow flowers liven up damp ditches in mid May